There’s nothing more beautiful than the way the ocean refuses to stop kissing the shoreline, no matter how many times it’s sent away. However there is a threat to such a beauty! A study was conducted by research team from the Ocean 2015 which has showed imminent threat to our oceans. According to study, our oceans need an immediate and substantial reduction of greenhouse gas emissions else there will be far-reaching and irreversible impacts on marine ecosystems.
The research teams latest findings claim the risk of climate change poses for our oceans and demonstrates how fundamentally marine ecosystems are likely to change if human beings continue to produce just as much greenhouse gases as before and this is likely to have more impact on developing countries like India! Hans-Otto Portner, who is researcher at Alfred Wegener Institute, at Potsdam in Germany says that if we just go on with business as usual, by the end of this century the changes will hit nearly every ecosystem in the oceans and cause irreparable harm for marine life! This would in turn have massive impacts on all areas in which human beings use the oceans — whether in capture fisheries, tourism or in coastal protection.
To date, the oceans have essentially been the planet’s refrigerator and carbon dioxide storage locker. For instance, since the 1970s they’ve absorbed roughly 93 percent of the additional heat produced by the greenhouse effect, greatly helping to slow the warming of our planet
– Hans-Otto Portner, researcher at Alfred Wegener Institute, Germany
Portner have also said in study that the ocean provides compelling arguments for rapid reductions in CO2 emissions and eventually atmospheric CO2 drawdown. Hence, any new global climate agreement that does not minimize the impacts on the ocean will be inadequate. According to lead author Jean-Pierre Gattuso, “If we can successfully limit the rise in air temperature to two degrees Celsius through the year 2100, the risks, especially for warm-water corals and bivalves in low to middle latitudes, will become critical. However, the remaining risks will remain fairly moderate” However if instead carbon dioxide emissions remain at their current level of 36 billion tons per year (the 2013 level), the situation will escalate dramatically!
So hopefully all the world leaders take a lesson out of this study and pass some law or take appropriate actions to protect the oceans!